What is an Acne?

Acne is a disorder in which your hair follicles, often known as oil pores, become blocked, frequently contributing to the surface of your skin forming pimples, blackheads, or whiteheads. Acne usually occurs in areas of the body where, such as the facial region, the skin contains a lot of oil. Other areas of acne frequently affected include:

  • Your chest
  • Your upper back
  • Your shoulders


What causes acne?
Eating greasy foods, wearing makeup, and poor grooming don’t cause acne, despite the myths. Alternatively, generic causes of acne include:

  • High level of oil production by the body
  • Clogged oil pores
  • Bacteria
  • Certain hormonal imbalances

You may be more prone to developing acne if you:

  • If you are a teenager
  • Have a record of acne in the family
  • Communication with greasy or oily compounds
  • Place regular pressure on your skin or rub it constantly (e.g., put a phone to your ear)
  • Although acne occurs predominantly in adolescents, it can also affect adults. Stress can also irritate or contribute to the development of acne, along with certain drugs, procedures, or foods.

What are the symptoms of acne?

Acne affects everyone differently. If you have acne, you may display any of the following symptoms of the skin:

  • Whiteheads
  • Blackheads
  • Pimples
  • Large, hard, painful masses under your skin (cystic acne)

A symptom of cystic acne may be big, painful, red bumps that settle deep into your skin. If you think you have cystic acne, your skin can be tested by a dermatologist to help decide if you are suffering from this disorder and what treatment options may be best for you.


How is acne diagnosed?

Typically, acne does not need a diagnosis, since acne is mostly visible on the skin affected. However, you may want to set up an appointment with a skin doctor if your acne is persistent or painful and does not respond to over-the-counter remedies, who will determine the seriousness of your acne and clarify your treatment options.

Can acne lead to complications if left untreated?

Left untreated, acne may lead to other problems, which may include:

  • Acne scars
  • Skin discoloration
  • Low self-esteem


What choices are available for acne treatment?

Sometimes, acne may be handled with certain lifestyle changes, at-home acne treatments, or certain items purchased from the pharmacy, such as acne face washes. You will first want to consider the following before speaking to a medical specialist:

  • Washing the infected areas with a cleanser for the skin
  • Use goods for over-the-counter
  • Steering away from skin irritants, such as greasy or oily products
  • Providing proper protection against the sun for your skin
  • Avoiding skin contact with products or clothing that can cause regular skin rubbing
  • Avoiding the desire to touch the region of skin affected
  • After physical exercise, showering


Set up an appointment with a skin doctor who may prescribe some acne drugs, therapies, or other remedies if the above treatment approaches are unable to provide you with the acne relief that you are seeking. To decide which acne treatment options are best for you, you and your doctor can work together. Options for acne therapy can include:

  • Certain topical medications
  • Certain oral medications
  • Whitehead and blackhead extractions
  • Laser and photodynamic therapy
  • Chemical peels
  • Steroid injections

For some patients, a clinical trial for acne may be another treatment option to consider if other acne therapies fail to produce successful results.



Typically, we ask our patients to discontinue the use of retinoic acid products and glycolic acid products beginning 3 to 4 days before your treatment. In addition, we will sometimes prescribe an antiviral medication if the treatment is in an area where cold sores form. It is also wise to stay out of intense sunlight (or tanning beds) both 1 week prior and after your treatment.


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